What is hosting and why is it needed
In simple terms, hosting is a place necessary for storing an Internet site allocated by organizations that provide such a service and have at their disposal a certain number of servers on which client sites are stored. It provides round-the-clock functioning of the site, so it is always available to Internet users. Of course, you can store the site on your computer and use special programs to make it available to Internet users. But in this case, the computer should work around the clock and not turn off, which it simply is not designed for.
A hosting provider is necessary to ensure that your site is constantly working and provides high resource performance regardless of how many users visit the site daily. The hosting service is rental, so each site owner periodically pays for the storage location. Hosting providers often provide the opportunity to purchase a domain name, which is the address of the site.
Such a place is a rented apartment for the site, which, if desired, can always move to another place that it considers more suitable. The number of Internet resources is increasing every day, so the competition in the provision of hosting services is growing. Therefore, it becomes increasingly difficult for owners of Internet resources to make the right choice.
Types of Hosting
Hosting, or a place to store the site, can be provided both for free and for free. Therefore, this service can be divided into two main types: paid and free.
Free hosting makes it possible to host a site without any investment. But at the same time, each provider offers, in return for paying for their services, to place their ads on your site for free. At the same time, one cannot be sure of the high speed of work that is provided by paid resources, the quality and wide possibilities for working with databases. Also, the domain name of the site will be the third level.
If we consider the services of paid providers, they provide quality assurance, provide a faster website, provide a second level domain name and do not require anything else in exchange for their services. Paid providers provide their customers with a wide range of services with advanced features. Also, in the paid version, the site owner can choose a tariff suitable for the cost, which will include the ability to host a certain number of sites and the allocated memory size for their storage. Over time, when the site expands or the amount of your resources becomes more than acceptable, you can switch to another tariff plan that provides more options.
Paid hosting, in turn, is also divided into several types:
– Shared hosting is the most sought after. This is a server that allows you to host a large number of Internet resources. All server users have the same rights. Virtual servers are created on the main server, in which sites with files and folders are stored. This option is optimal for beginners and intermediate resources;
– Dedicated virtual server VPS. In this case, the user is given a certain space on the disk in which you can place your site and exercise full control over it. This opens up significant opportunities in customizing software, but requires knowledge and skills;
– A dedicated server is one of the most expensive services, but providing maximum capabilities. In this case, the owner of the site is provided with a fully dedicated server, on which you can install any programs and operating systems, as well as use it for any tasks. The server will be serviced by the provider that provided it for use. This option is usually used by the largest companies and organizations that have sites with thousands of visitors;
– Colocation – this type of hosting is to install the server in the data center of the provider. This option is the most expensive and provides tremendous opportunities.
The main type of equipment hosting providers are servers of various capacities. The selection of servers is based on the financial capabilities and preferences for providing services to site owners.
Due to the variety of types of hosting providers, each owner of an Internet site or several resources has the opportunity to choose the best option for themselves in terms of price, functionality, performance and many other characteristics.
When choosing a hosting, one should pay attention not only to the services that it provides, as well as their cost, but also to credibility, scope of activities, customer reviews and other parameters. This is the only way to choose the best option, which will not be too expensive for the price, and provide the necessary site performance.